Topics of Interest CBSE Physical Education
Cipla Nikol 11 Jan, 2020 Views: 293
What do you mean by planning?
Planning is the conscious of selecting and developing the course of action to accomplish an objective. It is the basis from which future management actions spring.
Planning is the process of deciding in advance what is to be done and when is to be done, who is to do it, how is to be done and where is to be done.
A tournament is a competition between various playing a particular game according to a fixed schedule in which a winner is decided.
Define and classify fixtures.
Fixtures are the schedule fixed for the matches to be played, their time, place, court or gourd number and date etc. it is a detailed programme made by the organizers before few days or on same day of the competition. This is to inform the teams about the time, place and date of the match to be played by their team. There are many types of fixtures that are fixed according to time, grounds, equipment, officials, facilities and teams participating etc.
What is knock out tournament?
In knock out tournament, a team once defeated gets eliminated. Only the winners continue in the competition. It is the fast method to know about he winner team in the tournament. To draw the fixtures the names of the teams are written on same size slips of paper, placed in some receptacle, then drawn out and recorded in the order drawn. Each pair then plays in order of selection and then continues till a final winner is arrived at. To know more about knock out tournament, we must know about seeding and bye.
List the various types of tournament.
The various types of tournaments are= knock out tournament, league or round robin tournament, combination tournament, challenge tournament.
Seeding is the sorting of the teams and fitting them in the fixtures so that the strong teams do not meet each other in earlier rounds. This method is good if we know the real strong teams. So it becomes the duty of the organizers to find out the real strong teams from the previous tournaments or old record.
What is bye?
Bye is the advantage given to a team usually by drawing a lot, exempting the teams from playing a match in the 1st round. Byes are given to a specified number of teams in the first round so that in the subsequent rounds the number of teams can be brought to the power of two in other case, byes are given to the teams when they have to be seeded.
The number of byes are decided by subtracting the number of teams from the next higher number which is in power of two’s. For example, if 12 teams have entered for a tournament the next higher number above 12 which is power of two is 16. So the number of byes will be given are 16-12=4.
What is league or round robin tournament?
League tournament is also called round robin tournament. In league tournament all the teams are treated at par. One team has to play with all other teams irrespective of victory or defeat.it can be called the best types of tournament because it provides every team with the opportunity to show its best performance.
Define single league tournament.
In single league tournament every team plays with every other team once. The total number of matches is determined by using the formula n(n-1)/2 , where n refers to the total number of teams.
Example= if 8 teams are taking part, then total number of matches to be played = 8(8-1)/2= 28
Define double league tournament.
In double league tournament every team plays with every other team twice. The number of matches is determined by using the formula n(n-1) where n refers to the total number of teams.
Example= if 9 teams are taking part in a double league tournament, then total number of matches to be played n(n-1) 9(9-1)=72 matches.
What do you mean by intramurals?
The work intramural is derived from a lint work intra which mean within and murals which means wall. Thus intramural means ‘within the walls’ it can be said, that intramurals, are the activities within the campus or institution. The main aim of the intramural is the mass participation these activities are organized only for the students of a school or institution. No student of other schools can participate in these activities. Students get maximum educational benefits from such competitions.
Enlist two objectives of intramurals. ( delhi 2015) cbse sample paper 2016
What do you mean by extramurals?
Extramural word is a latin work extra and muralis means outside the walls. In other works, these activities are played outside the walls of the institution or School College. Extramurals are in inter school/ college competitions. Such competitions give the opportunity to the players and athletes of various schools/ colleges to show their skills/ talent and bring honor to the institutions they represent. When a team of a school or college is elected after the intramurals, and it participates in inter school college tournaments that is called extramural.
In which conditions knock out tournaments are better than round robin? (cbse sample paper 2015)
If there are money and time constraints, then knock out tournaments are better than round robin. Knock out tournaments are less expensive and less time consuming.
What does the organizers intend by stating that,” only such students shall participate in the intramurals who have not represented the school in any football championship in the past and minimum 10 substitutions shall be compulsory in a 90 min game .( cbse sample paper 2015) all India 2015
Every student should get a chance to play and participate in the game.
What principles should be followed for goal setting? (Cbse sample paper 2015)
These principles are- clarity, challenge, commitment, feedback, and task complexity.
What is the importance of planning?
The importance of planning can be elaborated in following points=
Discuss the various types of tournaments.
Various types of tournament, a team once defeated gets eliminated. Only the winners continue in the competition. It is a fast method to know about the winner team in the tournament.
League or round robin tournament- league tournament is also called round robin tournament. In league tournament all the teams are treated at par. one team has to play with all other teams irrespective of victory or defeat.
Combination tournament- combination tournaments are conducted when the matches are to be played on gournp basis or zonal basis.
Challenge tournament- in this type of tournament there are one to one contest or tere are two player on each side. One player challenges the other and the other player accepts the challenge. Games in which such tournaments are held are – boxing, tennis, table tennis, badminton etc.
Discuss the method of fixing byes in knock out tournament.
The number of byes in a knock out tournament are decided by subtracting total number of teams from the next higher nearest number in power of two’s.
Example= total number of teams are 11, so next higher nearest number in power of two’s = 16-11= 5 byes.
Method of determining number of byes to be given in upper and lower half.